Scale an Image in C# Preserving Aspect Ratio

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Jason Bauer
December 29, 2015 (Last Updated: ) | Reading Time: 1 minutes

If you need to change the size of an Image without changing the ratio of X to Y then this function should do what you want.

Function to Scale a Bitmap in C#

The input parameters maxWidth and maxHeight define the largest values that you want to get back out of the image after it has been scaled.

Here's the code:

static Bitmap ScaleImage(Bitmap bmp, int maxWidth, int maxHeight)
    var ratioX = (double)maxWidth / bmp.Width;
    var ratioY = (double)maxHeight / bmp.Height;
    var ratio = Math.Min(ratioX, ratioY);

    var newWidth = (int)(bmp.Width * ratio);
    var newHeight = (int)(bmp.Height * ratio);

    var newImage = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);

    using(var graphics = Graphics.FromImage(newImage))
        graphics.DrawImage(bmp, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);

    return newImage;

Results of Scaling an Image in C#

Here is a test image that we loaded into the scale function.


And here it is after calling for a maxWidth of 5000 and a maxHeight of 200.

image scaled down
image scaled down

You can see that the maxHeight of 200 was obeyed and the image was scaled while maintaining a proper aspect ratio.

Other Image Processing Guides

You may want to check out some of our other Programming Guides in C#.

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